It was earlier reported that Queen Elizabeth, an icon recognisable to billions of people around the world, died on Thursday.
According to an announcement made by Buckingham on Thursday, she died peacefully at the age of 96.
The Guardian reports that her eldest son, Charles, 73, succeeds the Queen as king with immediate effect.
Consequently, the UK anthem for the late Queen Elizabeth which hitherto was “God Save the Queen” is now God Save the King”
Biography of Prince Charles – the new King of England
See Prince Charles III profile, early life and more…
Charles was born in Buckingham Palace on 14 November 1948, during the reign of his maternal grandfather George VI, as the first child of Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh, and Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.
He was baptised there by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Geoffrey Fisher, on 15 December 1948.
The death of his grandfather and the accession of his mother as Queen Elizabeth II in 1952 made Charles the heir apparent. As the monarch’s eldest son, he automatically assumed the titles Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles, and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland.
Charles attended his mother’s coronation at Westminster Abbey on 2 June 1953.
As was customary for upper-class children at the time, a governess, Catherine Peebles, was appointed and undertook his education between the ages of five and eight. Buckingham Palace announced in 1955 that Charles would attend school rather than have a private tutor, making him the first heir apparent to be educated in that manner.
On 7 November 1956, Charles commenced classes at Hill House School in west London.
He did not receive preferential treatment from the school’s founder and headmaster, Stuart Townend, who advised the Queen to have Charles train in football because the boys were never deferential to anyone on the football field.Charles then attended two of his father’s former schools, Cheam Preparatory School in Berkshire, England,from 1958, followed by Gordonstoun in the north-east of Scotland, beginning classes there in April 1962.
Charles with his parents and sister in October 1957
In his 1994 authorised biography by Jonathan Dimbleby, Elizabeth and Philip were described as physically and emotionally distant parents, with Philip being blamed for his disregard of Charles’s sensitive nature and forcing him to attend Gordonstoun, where he was bullied.
Though Charles reportedly described Gordonstoun, noted for its especially rigorous curriculum, as “Colditz in kilts”, he subsequently praised Gordonstoun, stating it had taught him “a great deal about myself and my own abilities and disabilities.
It taught me to accept challenges and take the initiative.” In a 1975 interview, he said he was “glad” he had attended Gordonstoun and that the “toughness of the place” was “much exaggerated”.
He spent two terms in 1966 at the Timbertop campus of Geelong Grammar School in Victoria, Australia, during which time he visited Papua New Guinea on a school trip with his history tutor, Michael Collins Persse. In 1973, Charles described his time at Timbertop as the most enjoyable part of his whole education.
Upon his return to Gordonstoun, Charles emulated his father in becoming Head Boy. He left in 1967, with six GCE O-levels and two A-levels in history and French, at grades B and C respectively.
On his early education, Charles later remarked, “I didn’t enjoy school as much as I might have, but that was only because I’m happier at home than anywhere else.”
Charles broke royal tradition a second time when he proceeded straight to university after his A-levels, rather than joining the British Armed Forces.
In October 1967, he was admitted to Trinity College, Cambridge, where he read archaeology and anthropology for the first part of the Tripos, and then changed to history for the second part. During his second year, Charles attended the University College of Wales in Aberystwyth, studying Welsh history and language for a term.
He graduated from the University of Cambridge with a 2:2 Bachelor of Arts (BA) degree on 23 June 1970, the first British heir apparent to earn a university degree.
On 2 August 1975, he was awarded a Master of Arts (MA Cantab) degree by Cambridge. At Cambridge, Master of Arts is an academic rank, not a postgraduate degree.